a) Discuss critically how the change in political situations shaped the course of Indian Education. Illustrate with examples.
b) Explain the need of community participation in improving the quality of elementary education. Discuss the initiatives taken by central and state governments for achieving the Universalisation of Elementary Education. (500 Words)
c) Describe the national system of education as envisaged in National Policy on Education (1986) and the need for a National Curriculum Framework in Indian Context. (500 Words)
a) Mention the philosophical assumptions of reconstructionism, existentialism and pragmatism and make an analysis of aims of education as propounded by these schools of thought. (500 Words)
b) Explain the meaning and nature of knowledge. Discuss the implications of different forms of knowledge for curriculum planning.
c) Choose a subject of your choice from Secondary School Curriculum. Analyse the curriculum of the same subject and describe how different theories of learning have contributed to the development of the same curriculum. (500 Words)
a) What is self concept? How does self concept affect learning? Give examples. (500 Words)
b) Discuss the influences of socio-cultural environment on learning. (500 Words)
c) Discuss the importance of affective learning in school curriculum. How will you organise content for teaching and assessment of affective learning?
a) What is the role of a school in the socialisation of a child? Present the case of a typical student from your class and describe how the school helped him/ her socialise.
b) Do you think ‘community’ has any role in running schools? Present arguments in favour of your answer with suitable examples.
c) How does the teacher’s ideology influence his/ her teaching? What measures should be taken to make teaching ideology neutral.
a) Discuss the development and present status of secondary education in India.
b) Identify a topic from the subject of your choice at the Secondary School level. Prepare a lesson plan on it.
c) What is Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE)? Prepare a detailed plan for the implementation of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation at the Secondary School Level.