By Krishna Teja
IGNOU FEG-01 Solved Assignment 2012
Foundation Course in English - 1 (FEG-01)
Max. Marks: 100
Answer all the questions
1 Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:
International cricket sensation Sachin Tendulkar has joined forces with UNICEF
to get Indian children to wash their hands for better health and hygiene as part of
the first ever Global Handwashing Day held on 15" October. Tendulkar was
featured in a public service announcement that was broadcast in 14 languages on
television channels across the country to build support for the campaign targeting
students in more than six million schools across India.
"Having a celebrity of this stature, who is instantly recognizable to cricket fans
not only in India but around the world, will help us mobilize millions of young
people," said Karin Hulshof, UNICEF representative in India. "Lending free-ofcharge
his image to promote handwashing with soap will undoubtedly save many
children's lives." The Indian campaign is part of a global movement uniting
millions of children in 52 countries across five continents as part of the
International Year of Sanitation 2008. Nearly half of the world's population, or
2.6 billion people, do not have access to adequate sanitation. This dire situation
has widespread implications on human health, child survival, economic
productivity and pollution of living spaces and water resources. Washing hands
with soap is one of the most cost-effective health measures to prevent diarrhea,
the second biggest killer of children in India. Proper handwashing can red=
diarrheal cases by 47 per cent and acute respiratory illness by 30 per cent.
This campaign highlights the need to wash hands with soap before meals and after
defecation. Human excreta is the essence of the sanitation challenge. One gram of
faeces can contain 10 million viruses, 1 million bacteria, 1,000 parasite cysts and
100 parasite eggs. Washing hands and using toilets properly impacts not only
health, but also education. The sanitation coverage in Indian schools is estimated
to be about 58 per cent. However, providing private and separate sanitary latrines
in schools can increase girls' enrolment by 11 per cent. Proper sanitation facilities
in schools can drastically improve the chances of a girl finishing her education.
Currently, only 34 per cent of India's girls are completing their schooling.
Q1. Say whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the
passage given above. (5)
I The year 2008 was declared as the International Ye& of Sanitation.
ii.The public announcement on hand washing was broadcast in only Hindi and English.
iii The target audience were rural children.
iv Children in over 52 countries do not have access to proper sanitation.
v Girls do not often complete their education due to inadequate toilet facilities.
Q1 (b) Answer the following questions:
(1) Why was Sachin Tendulkar selected to drive the UNJCEF Campaign on Global Handwashing for Children?
Solution: Sachin Tendulkar was selected to drive the UNJCEF Campaign on Global Handwashing for Children because he is having celebrity of this stature, who is instantly recognizable to cricket fan not only in India but around the world, will help us mobilize millions of young people.
(ii)Why is washing of hands with soap so important, especially for children?
Solution: Washing hands with soap is one of the most cost-effective health measures to prevent diarrhea, the second biggest killer of children in India. Proper handwashing can red=
diarrheal cases by 47 per cent and acute respiratory illness by 30 per cent.
(iii)What effect does poor sanitation have on people's life? (2)
Solution: Poor sanitation can ruin one’s health as One gram of faeces can contain 10 million viruses, 1 million bacteria, 1,000 parasite cysts and 100 parasite eggs. Washing hands and using toilets properly impacts not only health, but also education on people's life.
iv When is it most essential to wash hands? Why?
Solution: Most essential to wash hands with soap is ..before meals and after
(v)How does washing hands and using toilets properly impacts our education
Solution: Providing private and separate sanitary latrines in schools can increase girls' enrolment by 11 per cent. Proper sanitation facilities in schools can drastically improve the chances of a girl finishing her education. Currently, only 34 per cent of India's girls are completing their schooling.
Q2 Starting with one of the sentences given below continue the narrative for about
150 to 200 words.
(ii)We heard screams coming from the house. It sounded as if someone was
in terrible pain. A Girl was screaming I m so pale and Ugly. Agnes turned her head and glared at the raven. Its beak was closed, and its beady eyes gazed at her without emotion. It didn’t even give her the satisfaction of looking smug. She turned back to the mirror.She was in pain as she was very ugly and pale. Pale like an apparition. Her nose was grotesquely upturned, the nostrils two unsightly ovals in the middle of an unattractive face; irises the color of runny shit, and eyelids with no lashes; lips so thin, the color of a mild bruise.
“Yes, you know that,” the raven said. “You've been ugly since the day you were born. Other children ran from you, called you ‘Ugly Duckling.’ You remember?”Agnes shifted her position in front of the dresser so she could see the bird in the mirror. “Shut up!”
“It's not going to work, Agnes. Nothing ever will. You'll always be ugly!”
Again in front of her mirror, Agnes was applying lipstick. She rolled her eyes and turned to face the bird. “It'll work, this time. You watch and see!”She turned back and began teasing her hair. The show started at eight, and she didn’t want to keep her new friend waiting.
“You've had dates before,” the bird continued. “A few firsts, but never seconds. They only agree to go out with you because they feel sorry for you. You tried to kiss one, once, remember? What did he do?”
“He threw up on me.”
“Yes, you made him puke, you’re so ugly.”
“That's not why he threw up. He'd been drinking.”
“You'll never get one back here, you know.”
Agnes closed her eyes and took a deep breath.
“You realize you're hideous, even with all that whore-paint?”
She turned and threw the brush at the raven, missing it by a foot. It mocked her with its silence and stillness. This time, it would work. “Just watch and see.”
The woman’s name was Anna, and she was only a little late. She was blonde and petite, so pretty that Agnes could only stare at her as she rambled on about her university classes. They had met at a local coffee-house and struck up a conversation, Agnes feeling bold after a strong latte.
They had one thing in common: a love for gothic horror and the stories of Edgar Allan Poe, and this topic kept them talking for over an hour. Agnes had been shocked when Anna invited her to the movies; she didn’t seem to mind her appearance at all. In fact, she seemed attracted to her conversation.
After the movie, she felt spellbound by Anna. “I have an original copy of The Raven and Other Poems,” Agnes told her outside the theater.
“No, I do. Copy from 1845, the year it was first published. Would you like to see it?”
“You have it with you?”
“No, it's at my house.”
Anna seemed hesitant.
“I also have some awesome gourmet coffee and a really good stereo system. We can talk.”
“Yeah, okay,” Anna agreed.
“Poe wrote that the most sublime subject in literature is the death of a beautiful woman, the only topic worthy of poetry,” Agnes said, smiling down at Anna. She straddled the woman’s waist on her bed, caressing her cheek lovingly. “Have you heard that?”
“How can she answer you if you have her drugged?” the raven asked beside her.
Agnes turned and faced the bird. “The question was rhetorical, bird-brain. She's a literature major and would know that.”
Yellow light bathed her room from a lamp on the nightstand. Anna was breathing deeply, her eyes closed. Agnes lowered herself and brushed her lips against the woman's. The kiss was intoxicating.
“It does you no good to turn gay, either. Women find you just as ugly and pale as men.”
“Shut up, for once, would you? I know what I’m doing. Watch and see!”
“You are dumb, too. Stupid as the day is long. Brains would have been something, but you have nothing. No brains, no looks. You're a waste of a life. Hopeless.”
“So you say,” Agnes said calmly, enraptured by the beautiful sleeping face in front of her. “I better tie her up before she wakes.”
Anna's eyes fluttered open.
Agnes was surprised how calm she felt, how in control. The woman tried to speak, to shout, but she was gagged to the point of choking on a dirty washcloth. She tried to tug free from her bonds, but her hands and feet were secured tightly to the bedposts in carefully tied knots.Standing on Anna’s right-hand side, near the lamp, she held up a razor blade for her to see and gave an adoring smile.
Anna’s eyes went wide with fear, and she struggled further in vain.
“So, you're going to go through with it? This is your last chance to stop.”
Agnes tilted her head and looked toward the corner of the room. “I've told you repeatedly to shut up. You're supposed to be dead!”Anna turned her head to follow Agnes' gaze -- a screech of wretched horror erupted from her throat, muted by the gag.Walking to the other side of the bed, Agnes picked up the stuffed raven that sat on a shelf above her mother’s corpse. “I don’t want to hear you anymore right now.”
Her grossly obese mother -- strangled just that morning -- was tied to a dining room chair, her head thrown back, eyes open, toothless mouth agape. A worn and grimy nightgown clung to her ample girth-rolls like a massive tarpoleum. Agnes lowered the razor blade and squeezed her mother's cheeks, the sickening aroma inside her mouth forcing Agnes to wince and look away for a moment. She retrieved her mother's limp tongue - which was noticeably devoid of moisture - and stretched it taut, sawing it off near the back with the razor blade. She discarded the stiff, putrid organ in a small waste can and sat the stuffed raven back on the shelf. Beside her on the bed, Anna thrashed like never before, her gagged scream a continuous melody of terror.
3 Write a dialogue between a parent and a child in about 150 words saying why
washing of hands is essential for health. You may take the points from the
passage and add some of your own. (15)
Solution: Child(coming from garden): Wow mom nice food (while picking french fries)
Mom: No don’t pick unless you wash your hands with dettol soap .
Child: pls mom I m hungry I wanna food
Dad : Its bad manner son , go and wash your hands then you can have food.
Child : but why it is so essential to wash hands before having meal ?
Mom: Before we eat, it’s much recommended to washing our hand. This is mainly because we never know any kinds of bacteria that have been living in our hand when we do our activity before. Eating as one of human activity that entering any kinds of food into our body is one of many activity that have a high risk to make many bacteria also enter our body through foods that we eat. The bacteria as one of creatures that can be seen through bare eyes, should using microscope to see bacteria, is one creature that can make a lot of illness kinds that we never expected before. Because of this condition we should wash our hand before eating to kill bacteria that living in our hands to prevent ourselves from any kind of illnesses that we never wanted before. we have to use the right soap also. We have to wash our hand using water first to make our hands wet and easy to use the soap. After all of our hand side already wet, we can use the soap to clean our hands from any kind of bacteria. Soap is one of important thing when we want to clean our hand while we washing hand. It’s mainly because soap has the killer of bacteria in our hands. Because of this, soap becomes one of important things when we washing hand. After we clean our hand using the soap, we should clean the soap trace in our hand. It’s because if we don’t clear the soap trace in our hand, it will make our foods have a very strange taste or sometimes have a taste of soap that we use for cleaning or washing our hands.
Child: Ohh I see
Dad: if you don't wash your hands frequently, you can pick up germs from other sources and then infect yourself. You're at risk every time you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. In fact, one of the most common ways people catch colds is by rubbing their nose or their eyes after the cold virus has gotten on their hands. When kids come into contact with germs, they can unknowingly become infected simply by touching their eyes, nose, or mouth. And once they're infected, it's usually just a matter of time before the whole family comes down with the same illness. Handwashing is one of the most important ways of controlling the spread of infections, especially those that cause diarrhoea and vomiting, and respiratory disease. The recommended
Child : Ok I got it …I m going to wash my hands and be right back !!
4 Answer the following:
i Complete the following sentence with suitable prepositions:
We always insist payment advance. (2)
Solution: coming soon
ii Make this sentence into a single sentence, using the relative pronoun
I applied for a job. I saw this job advertised in the newspaper.
Solution: I applied for a job that advertised in the newspaper.
iii Fill in the blanks using the correct form of the verb: (1)
Will you be able to find out when the first plane to Paris ?
(a) leaves (b) will leave (c) leave
Solution: Will you be able to find out when the first plane to Paris leaves
iv Fill in the blanks with the correct article: (2)
(a) The proposal was accepted by unanimous vote.
(b) There is hourly bus service on this route.
vi Fill in the blanks with the appropriate conjunction:
(a) She had flu she did not take part in the race.
Solution: She had flu so she did not take part in the race.
vii Complete the phrasal verb by inserting the correct particle: (1)
Everyone was put by his rude behavior.
viii Fill in the blanks with the correct words to complete the proverbs: (2)
(a) A…( stitch )... in time saves nine.
(b) Cut your… (coat)…. according to your cloth.
5 Change the following sentences into the passive voice:
.i. Do you know him?
Solution: Does he known by you.
11 The cook tasted the soup.
Solution: The soup was tasted by cook.
iii Anu answered all the questions easily.
Solution: All the question were answered by Anu.
iv They bought stamps from the post office.
Solution: Stamps were brought by them from post office
v You cannot park the car here.
Solution: The car cannot be part here by you
6 Change the following sentwces into the active voice:
.1. The thief has been arrested.
Solution: The thief arrested
11 He was punishe4 by the teacher.
Solution: The teacher punished him
iii The children ard being interviewed by the Principal.
Solution: The principle Interviewed children.
iv My pocket has been picked.
Solution: My pocket picked
v America was discovered by Columbus.
Solution: Columbus discovered America
7 Use the correct verb from the brackets to fill in the blanks: (10)
\\ A Spoilage caused by microbes, insects and other pests .....have........
(hashave) led to the search for newer, surer and safer methods of food
preservation. Preserving food by drying, fermenting, salting and smoking
......has....... (hashave) been in practice for several centuries. Canning,
refrigerating, freezing, controlled atmosphere storage and the use of
chemical preservatives and pesticides ......are....... (arefis) later inventions
which ......have.......... (hashave) contributed to the increased food supply
and food security in modem times. A recent entrant to the list of
preservation technologies ......are....... (adis) food irradiation.
B Use of neem in medicines ........are.......... (is/are) no less important. Neem
preparations ......have........... fias/have) been extensively used against a
variety of skin diseases, septic sores, and infected burns. The effect of
neem preparations on some of the dreaded viruses .......have........ (haslhave)
also been probed. Research studies in the USA ......has.......... (hasfhave)
shown that neem -leaf extracts can inhibit certain enzymes in the hepatitis-
B virus. German studies .......reveals.......... (reveallreveals) the efficacy of
neem extracts against the herpes virus. from to of on at i/n with
Fill in the blanks choosing the correct words fiom the list given below: , (6)
diary, dairy; quiet, quite; profit, prophet; patrol, petrol; desert, dessert; gait, gate
.1. Cow's milk is sold at this ..... dairy..........
11 He likes ...... quiet..........s urroundings.
iii The company has made no ...... profit......... this year.
iv The price of ...... petrol........... has gone up.
v ........ dessert.......... was served soon after the dinner.
vi Please meet me at the ..... gate
Fill in the blanks with the right words from the brackets: (6)
1 A ....... notorious............. dacoit has been caught by the police.
ii We saw a dead body ......... floating...... down the river. (swimming/ floating)
iii The telephone was ....... invented.......... by Graham Bell.
iv Prem is always on time. He is very.. .... punctual........... (regular/punctual)
v My brother's handwriting is very ........ illegible........... (illegible /eligible)
vi We must drink ......... clean......... water. (cleanlclear)
Fill in the blanks using the prepositions given below:(8)
.i. You must think .......of........ a good plan.
11 She spoke ............to.... me on the telephone.
iii A beginner's paintings can't be compared.. ....with...... an experts.
iv He was accused ...........from..... stealing books.
v This shop deals only.. ......on....... ready-made garm-- ents.
vi The old man died ......in...... cholera.
vii Silk worms feed ........on...... mulberry trees.
viii He was upset by my refisal to accede. ......with....... his request.
Mark the correct stress in the following words. You may consult the dictionary.( 5 )
i- telephone, ii- preparation, iii- objectives, iv- vocabulary, v- arrangements
Solution: Coming soon